Fiber Cabling

Fiber 101

Fiber Cabling in simple terms?

fiber-cablingFiber optic cable is a superior data transmission method when compare to other methods such as copper, but what is fiber optic cable? Fiber optic cable derives its superior data transmission capabilities from its key components. Rather than inefficient copper, fiber cable is made from spun, highly refined glass.

The method for its manufacturer involves heating glass to a minimum of 3,000 degrees and spinning thin, hair-width strands off at 66 feet per second. Data is transmitted through this glass cable in the form of light. This increases the speed in which data can be transmitted while also reduces the potential for data loss. In order for this to take place, the fiber itself must be highly reflective. All glass fiber passes through coating cups and ultraviolet ovens to increase its reflectivity.

Advantages of Using Fiber Cabling?

High Bandwidth

There is no other data transmission medium that can come close to matching the amount of data that can be transmitted using fiber optic cable.

Easy to Update

Fiber optic cable does not have to be ripped out and reinstalled as technology increases. The cable will work with new technology as easily as it works with older technology. In fact, with a few modifications the level of data that can be transmitted through existing fiber cable can be greatly increased.

Secure Transmission

Fiber optic cable is immune to electromagnetic interference. Because fiber optics use light as a data transmission medium, there is no chance that transmissions can be “eavesdropped” on. This is not the case with electron based data transmission mediums like copper.

Easy to Diagnose

Diagnosing a break in the line with an electron-based medium can be a difficult process. The inefficiency of the medium makes the process of pinpointing a break in the line extremely difficult. With fiber cable, this process is remarkably easy. By closely monitoring the time it takes data to travel from one point to another, it is possible to quickly diagnose a problem and determine exactly where the break has occurred.

Disadvantages of Using Fiber Cabling?

Cost of Installation

Though the cost of installing fiber cable has decreased steadily each year, it is still more expensive than electron based options like copper cable.

Fiber Optic Cable is Fragile

Fiber cable is made from spun glass, and glass is breakable. No matter how thin the strand, it is still glass. Cable can be damaged during installation in the home or business, or it can be damaged in subsequent renovations or repairs. If the cable is run over long distances out of doors, wildlife and plants can also damage the fragile cable.

Is Fiber Cabling the Future?

Fiber cable is set to continue to expand to other markets. Once the purview of large institutional facilities and corporate offices, it is now finding its way into homes and small businesses. Because it is easy to update cable without replacing it, this bodes well for the future of fiber cable as a data transmission system.

Laying Fiber Optic Under Sea Cable
Fiber optics are increasingly attractive for laying huge cables over huge distances as in this underwater cable. Because of conventional coaxial cable becomes weakened or suffers attenuation, repeaters are needed every 4 or 5 kms. to boost the signal. The lower attenuation of optical fibers allows for much longer lengths to be spliced together and buried at sea. Fiber optics that are less than a millimeter thick are bound together and protected by armored cladding. To prevent snags from shipping, the cable is then buried by this submersible sea plower. Over such lengths fiber optics still need to use some repeaters converting optical into electrical signals boosting them and then converting them back to optical. But once the final connections are made the optical fibers will carry many times the amount of information as the traditional coaxial fiber.

What do look for when hiring a Fiber Cabling professional installer?

The installation of fiber optic cable is a specialized skill that requires specialized equipment and training. When hiring a fiber optic installer, beyond the basic traits such as professionalism, cleanliness, and a courteous manner, they should possess the proper certifications and expertise to install fiber optic cable. Those interested in hiring a contractor to install their fiber optic cable should not hesitate to ask for copies of certifications and references.